See complete Problem 198 at:

www.gogeometry.com/problem/p198_triangle_quadrilateral_circle_angle.htm

Triangle, Quadrilateral, Circle, Angles. Level: High School, SAT Prep, College geometry

Post your solutions or ideas in the comments.

## Sunday, October 26, 2008

### Elearn Geometry Problem 198: Triangle, Quadrilateral, Angle

Labels:
angle,
circle,
quadrilateral,
triangle

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maps D to D' by reflecting about BC

ReplyDeleteB is the circumcenter of ADD', ACD' is a straight line and CDD' is an isos. triangle

x=2mCD'D=50°

better solution:

ReplyDeletemaps D to D' by reflecting about BC

ACD' is a straight line, BAD' is an isos. triangle

mCAB=mBD'C=mCDB, and hence x=50°

About Jankonyex's solution for problem 198.

ReplyDeleteCould anybody tell me why is ACD' a straight line?

I think that this explanation is missing.

Thanks.

Nilton

DeleteSee sketch below for detail.

http://img692.imageshack.us/img692/6971/problem198c.png

Peter Tran

To Peter, about problem 198.

ReplyDeleteThank you for your help. Now I understand the solution by Jankonyex.

I wish to propose other solution, I hope it's right.

Let O be the circumcenter of triangle ACD. The straight line BO, which is the line bisector of AD, cuts that circle at P, that is midpoint of the arc AD. So CP is angle bisector of ACD. Then we have ang(BCP) = 65º + 25º = 90º.

The circle O is also circumscribed to CDP, so the perpendicular OQ to CP is line bisector of CP and CQ = QP.

But OQ is parallel to BC so O is midpoint of BP. This means that B belongs to the circle O

and ABCD is cyclic. Thus x = ang(ABD) = ang(ACD) = 50º.

Draw altitudes BP and BQ to DC and AC respectively which are easily seen to be equal since BC bisects < ACP.

ReplyDeleteAs a result right Tr.s ABQ and DBP are congruent from which it follows that < BAC = < BDC. Hence ABCD is cyclic and x = 50.