Thursday, January 19, 2017

Geometry Problem 1307 Triangle, Incenter, Parallel line, Sides, Measurement

Geometry Problem. Post your solution in the comment box below.
Level: Mathematics Education, High School, Honors Geometry, College.

Details: Click on the figure below.

Geometry Problem 1307 Triangle, Incenter, Parallel line, Sides, Measurement.

4 comments:

  1. Let h be the length of the altitude from B.
    From similar triangles,
    r/MI = h/c and area of Tr. ABC, S = r.s where r is the inradius and s the semi-perimeter and moreover,
    S = 1/2 hb
    These equations yield MI = 1/2bc/s = bc/(a+b+c)
    Similarly NI = ba/(a+b+c)

    So MN = MI+NI = b(a+c)/(a+b+c)

    Sumith Peiris
    Moratuwa
    Sri Lanka

    ReplyDelete
  2. Problem 1307 - Alternate Solution

    Let h be the height of the altitude from B and r the inradius and s the semi perimeter,
    Let S(ABC) = ∆.

    S(BMN)/∆= MN2/b2 = ½ MN(h-r)/(½bh)

    Since h=2∆/s so

    MN = b(h-r)/h = b(2∆/b - r)/(2∆/b)
    = b(2∆ - br)/2∆
    = b(2rs – br)/2rs
    = b(2s– b)/2s
    = b(a+c)/(a+b+c)

    Sumith Peiris
    Moratuwa
    Sri Lanka

    ReplyDelete
  3. Problem 1037
    Let (ABC) is area the triangle ABC then (ABC)=sr=bh/2.( 2s=a+b+c,r=radius of the inscribed circle and h=altitude of the triangle ABC).So h=2sr/b=(a+b+c)r/b. But MN//AC
    then from Thales' Theorem and triangle BMN with triangle ABC are similar we have
    MN/AC=h1/h=(h-r)/h=1-r/h=1-b/(a+b+c)=(a+c)/(a+b+c).Therefore MN=b(a+c)/(a+b+c).
    APOSTOLIS MANOLOUDIS KORYDALLOS PIRAEUS GREECE

    ReplyDelete
  4. Let h and r are height from B and inradius of triangle ABC
    We have MN/AC= (h-r)/h= 1- r/h
    2 * area of ABC= b.h=2p.r
    So r/h= b/2p= b/(a+b+c)
    So MN=b*(1-r/h)= b*(a+c)/(a+b+c)

    ReplyDelete