Sunday, October 2, 2011

Problem 675: Quadrilateral, 45 and 90 Degrees, Circumcircles, Intersecting Circles, Secant

Geometry Problem
Level: Mathematics Education, High School, Honors Geometry, College.

Click the figure below to see the complete problem 675.

Online Geometry Problem 675: Intersecting Circles, Secant, 45 and 90 Degrees, Collinear Points


  1. This one still doesn't have a solution? I can think of a VERY long one using: 1) Inversion with A as center and AC as radius; 2) Analytical geometry; and 3) Tons of trignometric transform. But I would love to see a shorter, synthetic solution.

  2. Lets assume midpoint of AG is J and AC is K. O,O',J are collinear points and line joining them is perpendicular to AG. If we can prove that K is collinear with O,O',J then we can prove that A,O,H are colinear using following facts.
    KJ and CG are prallel and also perpendicular to AG. If CG cuts cricle O at point H, then Angle AGH is 90 deg, hence AH is diameter and A,O,H are collinear.
    To prove collinearity of O,O' and K
    We can drop perpendiculars from O,O'and K to ABE and ADF.
    Intercept for OO' on ABE = BE/2
    And for OK = BC/2sqrt (2)

    Intercept for OO' on ADF = DF/2
    And for OK = CD/2sqrt (2)

    Since Tr.BCE and Tr.DCF are similar
    By AAA similarity, BE/BC= DF/CD, hence ratio of intercepts is equal and this proves O,O' and K are collinear.